Garlic Planting Guide by Zone


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Garlic Planting Guide by Zone

Overview of Garlic Planting

Garlic planting is unique depending on your region. To ensure a healthy harvest, it’s important to plant garlic at the right time and depth, with the right soil conditions. Here are 4 steps to get you started:

  1. Find out what season and temperature are best for your area.
  2. Choose a spot with full sun, proper drainage, and effective pest management.
  3. Prep the soil with organic compost or fertilizer.
  4. Plant cloves at the correct depth for your zone.

Plus, planting hardneck garlic varieties allows you to harvest scapes in early summer.

To maximize your garlic success, keep pests away, rotate crops, and water enough. These practices result in bigger bulbs with better flavor. Planting garlic based on your zone can be risky, but with the right preparation, the rewards are worth it.

Factors to Consider When Planting Garlic by Zone

To plant garlic successfully by zone, understanding the factors that affect its growth is crucial. In this section on factors to consider when planting garlic by zone, with climate, soil type, and sun exposure, you will learn how to tailor your planting strategy to the unique growing conditions of your area.


When picking garlic to grow, consider local climate factors. Temperature, rainfall, soil type and drainage quality all affect the crop. Check these before planting for success.

Cultivars vary in taste, bulb size, hardiness, and storage. Look closely at them to find the best type for your region.

It’s also wise to study ancient cultivation methods. For instance, the Egyptians believed garlic had medicinal properties and gave it as a gift to Pharaohs during religious ceremonies. Garlic has been a staple food over time and used for many things – medicine, perfume, and even for warding off evil spirits!

Keep in mind: when deciding on soil type for garlic, it’s key to find the perfect balance of garlic-loving and garlic-hating properties. Don’t make the garlic feel like it’s in a bad relationship!

Soil Type

Uniqueness of Soil Types for Garlic Growth

Garlic growth and yield quality depend largely on the type of soil used for planting. It is important to understand the different soil types in your zone and choose one with an ideal pH range, drainage capacity, texture, and nutrient content.

The following are some of the common soil types:

  • Sand: Light-weight, but can lack nutrients.
  • Clay: Heavy-textured, but can become compacted.
  • Loam: A blend of sand, silt, and clay with good drainage and high nutrient content.

It is advisable to amend the soil with organic matter, like compost or manure, before planting. Tests can help determine nutrient deficiencies in your soil. Companion plants can also improve or maintain soil fertility.

Ancient farmers were already knowledgeable of soil types and their suitability for plant growth. Today, due to technological advancements, this knowledge is being backed up with scientific studies. Remember, garlic loves sunny spots in the garden.

Sun Exposure

When planting garlic, it’s important to think about sun exposure in each zone. Varying levels of sunshine affect growth and bulb size. Sunlight also influences the development of foliage.

In areas with high sun exposure, plant garlic beneath two inches of soil. Those in areas with lower sun exposure require more time to grow.

Take other factors into account too, like soil quality and drainage. These factors affect the growth rate and garlic health.

For successful garlic planting, understand sun exposure in different zones. Select an appropriate area, provide optimal conditions, and monitor growth. This way, you get healthy and plentiful bulbs.

Do research ahead of time to get the right garlic variety for your zone. Nobody wants a disappointed bulb!

Garlic Varieties by Zone

To learn about the best garlic varieties based on your location, explore the sub-sections that provide useful information for zones 1-3, 4-6, and 7-9. Each sub-section will detail which garlic varieties will thrive in your zone, giving you expert guidance on how to pick the perfect garlic for your garden.

Zones 1-3

For cold climates, certain garlic varieties do best. Zones 1-3 need these varieties for great yields!

Siberian garlic is perfect for zones 1 and 2. It’s hardy and can withstand cold temps. For zone 3, Rocambole and German Red are good options because they have mid to late maturity dates.

A local farmer in a small northern town started growing Siberian garlic for personal use. But they sold extra at the farmers market! The unique variety was popular amongst locals and even made it onto restaurant menus in the region.

So why not be a rebel and plant the wrong garlic type for your zone? Just bring some breath mints!

Recommended Varieties

Choose the right garlic for your zone! In Zone 3: Georgian Crystal, Siberian, Polish Hardneck, and Inchelium Red Softneck. Zone 5: French Rocambole, Purple Stripe, Chesnok Red Asiatic, and Lorz Italian Artichoke Softneck. Zone 8: Creole Red, Turban, Southern Glen White Artichoke Softneck, and Spicy Korean Hardneck. Zone 10: Cuban Purple Creole and Tempest Artichoke Softneck.

For best results, experiment with different types. Soil type, drainage, and climate all matter. Plant cloves upright, 6 inches deep in fertile soil.

Pro Tip: If I try to plant garlic, I’ll likely swear a lot and fail miserably.

Planting Techniques

Grow Garlic with Right Method!

Planting garlic in the right way is key for a healthy yield.

Here are six tips for success:

  1. Plant in soil with good drainage.
  2. Pointy side up, flat side down when placing cloves.
  3. Cover with mulch – 1-2 inches.
  4. Balanced fertilizer during season.
  5. Regular watering – not too much!
  6. Cut off scapes to boost bulb growth.

Cooler temperatures preferred. So, plant in fall for best results. Then rotate location each year to avoid disease.

Keep an eye out for pests like aphids and spider mites too!

Start your garlic garden now and enjoy fresh, tasty garlic all season long! Especially in zones 4-6, where garlic grows even in frigid weather – and produces something yummy!

Zones 4-6

For colder climates, picking the right garlic makes all the difference. Zones 4-6 in the US are known for certain types of garlic. A table with garlic varieties suited to these zones is useful. German White and Music are two options – they’re high in allicin & can handle frost. Northern Quebec and Siberian Winter are hardneck varieties that do well too.

Planting cloves should be done after soil temps dip below 60°F and before it’s frozen over. Many think planting on Dec 21st leads to higher yields, but other factors are important too – like soil quality & moisture.

So, pick the perfect garlic variety for your zone & say goodbye to bland meals & vampires!

Recommended Varieties

If you’re wondering which garlic variety to grow for your zone, check out this list!

  • Zone 1: Siberian, Spanish Roja, Polish Hardneck
  • Zone 2: Duganskij, Georgian Crystal, Music
  • Zone 3: Chesnok Red, Inchelium Red, Lorz Italian
  • Zone 4: Red Toch, Transylvania, Turkish Red
  • Zone 5: Creole Red, Early Italian Purple, Silver White

To ensure a successful harvest, make sure the climate and soil are right. Plant your garlic in the sun and in well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. Monitor your crop for pests and diseases.

One more tip: Avoid using old store-bought bulbs as they can bring in diseases. Get them from a reliable source instead. Planting garlic is like playing Jenga with the soil – but the reward is much tastier!

Planting Techniques

For garlic’s optimal growth and harvest, learn the right techniques. Here’s a guide:

  1. Soil prep – Get a well-draining soil with organic matter, like compost or aged manure. Loosen to 6 inches deep.
  2. Timing – Plant in autumn/fall before the ground freezes, or early spring.
  3. Spacing – Cloves apart 4-6 inches, planted 2 inches deep. Pointed ends up.
  4. Mulching – For winter hardiness and weed prevention, use a 2-3 inch layer of organic mulch.

Note: Different varieties may need their own planting depths and distances. Also, pH levels should be 6.0-7.5 for ideal growth.

Fun Fact: Ancient times valued garlic for its medicinal properties. Egyptians even placed bulbs in King Tutankhamun’s tomb! Garlic so good it’ll make vampires reconsider – welcome to Zones 7-9!

Zones 7-9

Gardeners in warmer U.S. regions, such as zones 7-9, must plant garlic varieties suited for mild winters and occasional frost. To help make this process easier, we have compiled a helpful table with info on each type’s growing needs.

From Texas Rose to Lorz Italian and Musik garlic, there are many types to choose from. Remember to plant your cloves correctly for best results!

Garlic has been around for centuries and is now a popular crop across the world. Take advantage of the chance to spice up your life with the right garlic for your zone!

Recommended Varieties

In each zone, its climatic conditions influence which garlic varieties are recommended. Consider these expert-recommended types for your zone:

  • Zone 1 – Siberian & Chesnok Red
  • Zone 2 – Killarney Red & Purple Glazer
  • Zone 3 – German Extra Hardy & Spanish Roja
  • Zone 4 – Italian Late & Oregon Blue
  • Zone 5 – Music & Armenian

To get the tastiest and most productive results, plant the right garlic variety in the proper zone.

Heirloom garlic varieties have interesting stories behind them. For example, Georgia Crystal Heirloom garlic was discovered on a historic farm in Georgia. It has four rings of cloves that increase in size towards the center of its bulb.

A local gardener saved two of its bulbs and replanted them. They have multiplied since then, yielding an abundant harvest each year.

Growing garlic can be easy! Try these tips and you’ll be able to cultivate your own garlic even if you don’t have a green thumb.

Planting Techniques

Planting Garlic: A Simple 4-Step Guide.

  1. Choose the right variety. Select a garlic variety which suits your region and climate zone.
  2. Prepare the soil. Ensure the soil is well-drained, with high organic content. Test the pH level and add any required amendments.
  3. Planting time. Plant six weeks before the ground freezes, during the fall. Late planting can reduce the yield.
  4. Planting depth and spacing. Plant 1-2 inches deep, with 6 inches between them.

Water, weed and protect. Garlic requires consistent watering, weeding and protection from pests. Avoid overwatering – it can lead to root rot.

Pro tip: Label rows or beds with the variety name and planting date for easy tracking.

Planting Garlic by Zone

To plant garlic by zone, you need to know the recommendations for your specific area. So, in order to help you with that, the following sub-sections provide a brief guide on garlic planting for Zones 1-3, Zones 4-6, and Zones 7-9.

Zones 1-3

For Zones 1-3, there are recommended practices for planting garlic to ensure a bountiful harvest. We have provided practical tips and info you can follow.

Below is a table with details on how to plant garlic in Zones 1-3. It includes when to plant, soil temperature needs, and when it will mature.

Zone Planting Time Soil Temperature Harvest Time
1 Early Oct-Mid Nov 35°F-50°F (2°C-10°C) June
2 Late Sept-Mid Nov 35°F-50°F (2°C-10°C) June
3 Early Sept-Early Dec 45°F-55°F (7°C-13°C) June or July

For Zones 1-3, don’t plant garlic too early or it may cause premature sprouting. Soil prep is also vital for shorter growing seasons like Zone 3 where earlier maturity is needed.

Chose the appropriate planting dates and soil temperatures for each zone. Garlic is an excellent investment for any gardener who wants a plentiful harvest.

If you’re in Zones 1-3, follow these tips for planting garlic. By following our guidelines, you’ll get a successful harvest come summer. Planting garlic in the wrong season will leave you with no harvest, so make sure to use the right timing tips.

Best Time to Plant

Garlic Planting: When’s the Right Time?

Timing is key when planting garlic. Here’s what to remember:

  • Fall is best, around three weeks before the first frost.
  • If in Zones 7-11, late winter or early spring is the ideal time.
  • Wait until the soil hits 50°F before planting.

Be careful not to plant too early – this can cause sprouting.
And don’t wait too long either! Bulbs need roots in place before cold temps arrive. Get planting! Preparing the soil will take some elbow grease.

Preparing the Soil

Ready to Plant Garlic? Here’s 4 Steps to Prepare the Ground!

Planting garlic isn’t as easy as sticking it in the ground and waiting.

  1. Get rid of any weeds or debris in the area you want to plant.
  2. Then, mix compost, manure, or other organic materials into the soil. This adds nutrients and improves drainage.
  3. Use a rake to remove clumps and rocks, so the soil is looser and well-draining.
  4. Take a soil test to make sure the acidity and pH balance are right.

For fall or winter, add mulch for temperature control. Also, add allium-friendly nutrients like bone meal.

When planting, put the pointy end up towards the sky. Also, pinch off any secondary growth early.

It’s like hunting for buried treasure! Except instead of gold, you’ll find garlic. Yum!

Planting Techniques

Planting Garlic Methods:

Different planting methods suit different locations. The method you choose will have a big effect on the crop’s health and the amount of garlic you get.

  1. Timing: Plant in Autumn in warm zones. September-October is the ideal time. Plant in early Spring when it’s warmer in cooler zones.
  2. Preparing soil: Use raised beds or a well-draining bed with lots of compost.
  3. Select ‘seed’ cloves that are plump and healthy looking.
  4. Put cloves upright into holes 3-4 inches deep. Space each one 6 inches from the others.
  5. Fertilize or add mulch to stop weeds growing.
  6. Water until the soil is moist but not wet.

Climate is very important for a good harvest!

Pro Tip: Do these steps quickly for the best results. This helps roots develop and the plants become established faster. Take care of your garlic garden – neglect it and it’ll leave a bad taste!


Once you’ve planted garlic, take steps to ensure it grows healthily. These are called garlic maintenance tasks.

  • Keep soil moist, but not soaked
  • Remove weeds and debris
  • Add compost or fertilizer
  • Use natural pest deterrents like companion planting
  • Cut off scapes on hardneck varieties
  • Check for and treat disease early

In the winter, garlic needs less maintenance. Check regularly though, to be sure. Mulching with organic material like straw or leaves helps keep moisture steady and prevent soil erosion.

Inspect your plants often. Diseases spread quickly in close-growing conditions. Remove and dispose of affected parts right away.

Garlic loves the dark – zones 4-6 – just like vampires!

Zones 4-6

For those living in chillier areas, growing garlic can be tough due to the tough weather. Zones 4-6 are cold and have long winters and short growing seasons. Here are 6 points to take note of when planting garlic in zones 4-6:

  • Plant cloves 3 weeks before ground freezes.
  • Good drainage is must – garlic hates swampy soil.
  • Organic matter can help soil structure.
  • Use nitrogen fertilizers cautiously – clove size may reduce.
  • Plant single cloves 2 inches deep, 6 inches apart, rows 1-foot apart.
  • Cover with 6 inches of mulch during winter for protection.

Plus, these zones need more planning and prep than warmer regions. In the past, garlic was highly valued due to its medicinal powers. It was seen as a guard against infections and evil spirits, even given as presents during celebrations and holidays. Nowadays, people still keep this tradition alive by planting garlic in their yards, even in colder zones like 4-6. Planting garlic is not complicated, but timing is essential – unless you want a crop with no flavor.

Best Time to Plant

Planting Garlic: The Best Season

Garlic is famous for its flavor, aroma and health benefits. When is the best time to plant it? Scheduling is essential for a big harvest.

  • For zones 1-6, plant garlic before it freezes in fall
  • For zones 7-9, plant when it’s below 60°F in late fall/early winter
  • In zone 10 and warmer areas, you can plant any time in winter

Prepare soil with compost and other organic amendments. For cooler climates, hardneck varieties are better. Softneck is better for warmer regions. Interplant with lettuce/spinach for extra nutrition and less competition.

Planning your garlic planting according to your climate zone is key. Now, get ready to create the perfect soil!

Preparing the Soil

Time to Plant Garlic?

If you want to grow garlic, the soil must be ready. Soil preparation stops weeds, adds nutrients and helps with rooting. Here’s how to prepare the ground:

  1. Pick a spot – Garlic needs full sun and good drainage.
  2. Wipe out weeds – Unwanted plants take away nutrients, so remove them.
  3. Amend the soil – Aerate soil for water drainage. Add compost or aged manure for organic matter.
  4. Break up clumps – Hardened soil stops roots from growing, so break it up.

Choose the right bulb size, space them correctly (depending on type) and plant 2 inches below the ground. Different areas have different needs, so find the right cultivar for your region.

Start prepping now to get a bumper crop! Get digging and – don’t forget – planting garlic is fun and smelly!

Planting Techniques

For a fruitful harvest, one must use the right planting techniques. Here are some tips:

  1. Soil: Loosen it up, add compost, and work it thoroughly.
  2. Spacing: Plant cloves 6 inches apart, rows 12 inches apart.
  3. Depth: Plant each clove 2 inches deep with the pointed end up.
  4. Watering: Regularly, but don’t overwater.
  5. Mulching: Consider covering the planted cloves with straw or leaves.

Depending on your region’s climate, there might be specific times for planting for success. Check what’s best for you.

Moreover, choose disease-free bulbs, rotate the planting area annually, and harvest when foliage has died back. These will help you get abundant yields.

Remember, don’t forget to give your garlic love – maintenance is key!


Maintaining Your Garlic Crop

To ensure a great yield and quality, you must care for your garlic plants well. Here are some tips:

  1. Soil and Fertilization – Garlic needs soil with a pH of 6.0-7.0 that’s rich and drains well. Use organic fertilizer at planting and in spring.
  2. Watering – Keep the soil moist but don’t over-water, as it can cause diseases and rot.
  3. Pest Control – Check for bulb mites, thrips and aphids. Use row covers, companion planting or insecticidal soap to get rid of them.

And don’t forget to remove weeds around your garlic plants, with cultivation tools or by hand-pulling them.

Did you know? Garlic is not only delicious, but also has many health benefits. It boosts immunity and may reduce cancer risk. So taking good care of your garlic plants isn’t just for a great harvest – it’s good for your health too!

True Story: A friend once forgot to pull their garlic bulbs before a heavy rainstorm. They were worried, but the garlic grew some of the biggest bulbs ever! This shows that even if you maintain your crop well, Mother Nature may have other plans. If garlic can thrive in hot and humid zones 7-9, it can handle any bad breath jokes!

Zones 7-9

For regions of Zones 7-9, October is the ideal time to plant garlic. These zones have mild winters, so garlic grows well there.

To ensure success, use this table below:

Requirement Details
Soil Well-drained and fertile
Planting Plant cloves 2 inches deep
Watering Consistent moisture
Temperature Optimum temperature: 60-90ºF
Harvesting Late May – Early July

Planting depth can change depending on soil conditions and type. Monitor soil moisture and adjust watering accordingly.

Mulch with straw or other organic materials. This will help conserve moisture and control weeds.

Don’t miss out! With proper care, your garlic will be a delicious success! Plant it right and reap the rewards!

Best Time to Plant

For great growth, it’s essential to know the ideal conditions for planting garlic. This varies per zone. Garlic grows best in colder areas and should be planted before frost sets. Factors like temperature, rainfall and soil are very important.

  • Zone 1, where it’s below -50F, you should plant before fall frost.
  • Zone 2 (-50 to -40F), like Alaska, Northern Canada and North Central US, plant four weeks before the ground freezes.
  • Zone 3 (mid Canada, NE US), plant six weeks before the first hard frost.
  • Zone 4 (east of Missouri, not FL/Gulf Coast), plant eight weeks before the last spring frost.
  • Zone 5 (challenging areas like NYC/Central Tenessee) needs below -20 to -10F.
  • Zones with milder winters (CA/Gulf Coast) can grow cauliflower if planted on the outskirts.

Select healthy seed garlic from reliable sources. An ancient 3750 BC Egyptian tomb shows garlic harvesting. Alexander Neckam wrote “De Naturis Rerum” (“On the Natures of Things”), which revealed garlic’s medicinal benefits. Get ready for garlic-scented soil. Freshly harvested cloves will make it worthwhile!

Preparing the Soil

Before you can start planting garlic, you need to prepare the soil. Here’s what you need to do:

  • Check that the soil has good drainage and a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5.
  • Add organic matter like compost or aged manure to make the soil better and add more nutrients.
  • Remove any weeds and rocks that could stop the roots from growing.
  • Put in a mix of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer to help the foliage grow and form bulbs.
  • Loosen the top 6 inches of the soil.

Garlic needs lots of sun and consistent moisture to grow properly. When you pick a spot, don’t go for a place where onions or other alliums have grown in the last 3 years – this could spread diseases.

Garlic has been around for a long time. It was first grown in Central Asia over 5,000 years ago. Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans valued it for its medicinal qualities, and even used it as currency. So, planting garlic is as easy as taking candy from a baby!

Planting Techniques

Planting Garlic: A Step-by-Step Guide

For a successful harvest, it’s important to plant garlic according to your hardiness zone. Here’s a guide on how to do it:

  1. Choose the Right Time – Plant in autumn or early spring.
  2. Prepare the Soil – Well-drained and friable soil with a pH of 6.0-7.5.
  3. Break Apart Bulbs – Select the biggest cloves.
  4. Planting Depth & Spacing – Plant cloves three inches deep and six inches apart.

Give them attention and love: water during dry periods, maintain organic mulch and, if you have heavy clay soil, consider raised beds or amended soil. With these steps, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of garlic!


Maintain Your Garlic Plants! For healthy garlic crops, maintenance is key. Here’s five tips to keep in mind:

  • Water regularly – moisture is essential for growth and quality bulbs. Don’t let the plants get too wet, as this will stunt their progress.
  • Weed control – find and remove any weeds which might take away nutrients, light, and space from your garlic plants.
  • Fertilize – give them a regular dose of all-purpose fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season.
  • Disease prevention – watch out for white rot, rust and black mold. Remove affected plants or use fungicides to stop the spread.
  • Harvesting – when it’s time, dig up the bulbs carefully with a garden fork. Store in a cool, dry place away from sunlight.

Different zones may require varied maintenance, depending on climate and soil quality.

Pro Tip: Mulching around garlic plants will help retain soil moisture and prevent weeds! Enjoy your vampire-proof harvest of garlic all year long.

Harvesting and Storing Garlic

Garlic Harvesting and Storage Tactics

Grow the perfect garlic crop with these expert tips!

  1. Choose the right time to harvest. Observe the leaf color and dig out the bulbs by hand or with a fork.
  2. Cure them for 3 weeks in a well-ventilated area, away from direct sunlight.
  3. Store the heads in breathable twine bags.

Separate the cloves before planting for ideal yields. Keep garlic hydrated and properly ventilated to avoid rotting.

Enjoy savory recipes and the health benefits of garden-fresh garlic! Or, go crazy and grow a vampire army by planting garlic upside down!

Common Garlic Planting Mistakes to Avoid by Zone

When planting garlic, it’s key to dodge mistakes particular to your zone. Recognizing the usual blunders can make sure you have a successful harvest. Here are some tips:

  • Cloves too shallow or too deep? No good.
  • Not enough sunlight and water? Not good either.
  • Compacted soil? Not ideal.
  • Over-fertilizing? Not recommended.
  • Same spot year after year? Don’t do it.
  • Harvesting late or early? Not wise.

For optimal results, factor in climate, soil pH, and temp changes unique to your zone. Believe us, even small details matter with garlic.

Planning and doing right can yield a great harvest, plus a feeling of accomplishment. Don’t let FOMO get to you – do it properly this year! Your garlic won’t make you a vampire slayer, but with this zone-specific planting guide, you’ll be a gardening god.

Conclusion: Growing Garlic Successfully by Zone

For successful garlic-growing by zone, understanding the specific needs for each is paramount. Yield and quality can vary, so take care with planting depth, soil, climate and timing. Here’s a guide for stress-free cultivation.

This table summarizes the USDA hardiness zones, best planting and harvesting times, and optimum soil type:

Zone Planting Time Soil Type Harvest Time
3-4 Late Sept/ Early Oct Well-drained sandy loam June-July
5-7 Late Oct/ Early Nov Deep and loose clay-loam July-August
8-10 Late Nov/ Early Dec Moist soil with good drainage May-June

Also, don’t forget to choose high-quality seed stock from reliable growers.

Pro Tip: Plant onion or chive companions to help prevent disease and pests, and add a unique flavour to your dishes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a garlic planting guide by zone?

A: A garlic planting guide by zone provides information on the best time to plant garlic, the soil conditions, and the climate requirements for successful garlic growth in different geographical zones.

Q: What are the different zones for garlic planting?

A: There are 11 hardiness zones in North America, with zone 1 being the coldest and zone 11 being the warmest. Garlic can be grown in zones 3-8, with some varieties also adapted to zones 2 and 9.

Q: When is the best time to plant garlic?

A: The best time to plant garlic is in the fall, typically between September and November, depending on your zone. Garlic needs to grow and develop roots before winter sets in.

Q: What soil conditions are ideal for garlic planting?

A: Garlic prefers loose, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. Soil pH should be between 6 and 7.5. Soggy or compacted soil can lead to poor growth or fungal diseases.

Q: How deep should I plant garlic?

A: Garlic cloves should be planted 2-3 inches deep, with the pointy end facing up. Rows should be 6-8 inches apart, and cloves should be spaced 4-6 inches apart within each row.

Q: What are the benefits of growing garlic?

A: Garlic is a flavorful addition to many dishes and has numerous health benefits, including boosting the immune system, reducing inflammation, and lowering the risk of heart disease.

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